To those who, seeing the vice and misery that spring from the unequal distribution of wealth and privilege, feel the possibility of a higher social state and would strive for its attainment.

San Francisco,
March, 1879

Edited and abridged for modern readers by Bob Drake

Published by the Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, 2006


Publisherís Foreword by Cliff Cobb
Editorís Preface by Bob Drake
Authorís Preface to the Fourth Edition

Introduction: The Problem of Poverty Amid Progress

First Part: Wages and Capital

1. Why Traditional Theories of Wages are Wrong
2. Defining Terms
3. Wages Are Produced By Labor, Not Drawn From Capital
4. Workers Not Supported By Capital
5. The True Functions of Capital

Second Part: Population and Subsistence

6. The Theory of Population According to Malthus
7. Malthus vs. Facts
8. Malthus vs. Analogies
9. Malthusian Theory Disproved

Third Part: The Laws of Distribution

10. Necessary Relation of the Laws of Distribution
11. The Law Of Rent
12. The Cause of Interest
13. False Interest
14. The Law Of Interest
15. The Law Of Wages
16. Correlating The Laws of Distribution
17. The Problem Explained

Fourth Part: The Effect of Material Progress
on the Distribution of Wealth

18. Dynamic Forces Not Yet Explored
19. Population Growth and Distribution of Wealth
20. Technology and the Distribution of Wealth
21. Speculation

Fifth Part: The Problem Solved

22. The Root Cause of Recessions
23. The Persistence of Poverty Despite Increasing Wealth

Sixth Part: The Remedy

24. Ineffective Remedies
25. The True Remedy

Seventh Part: Justice of the Remedy

26. The Injustice of Private Property In Land
27. The Enslavement of Labor
28. Are Landowners Entitled to Compensation?
29. History of Land as Private Property
30. History of Property in Land in the US

Eighth Part: Application of the Remedy

31. Private Property in Land is Inconsistent with the Best Use of Land
32. Securing Equal Rights To Land
33. The Canons of Taxation
34. Endorsements And Objections

Ninth Part: Effects of the Remedy

35. The Effect on Production
36. The Effect on The Distribution of Wealth
37. The Effect on Individuals and Classes
38. Changes in Society

Tenth Part: The Law of Human Progress

39. The Cause of Human Progress
40. Differences in Civilizations
41. The Law of Human Progress
42. How Modern Civilization May Decline
43. The Central Truth
44. Conclusion: The Individual Life

Afterword: Who Was Henry George? by Agnes George deMille